©2017 BY MARIO GÜNTHER.

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Relevance for 'If' and 'Because'

The conditional "If Lund is a town in Sweden, Munich is a town in Germany" sounds odd. There is simply no relevant connection between the if-clause and the main clause. Holger Andreas and I have developed a semantics that requires such a connection for the acceptance of conditionals. As a result, we could give an analysis of 'because' in terms of our new semantics. Details and further results can be found in On the Ramsey Test Analysis of 'Because'.

Learning Conditionals

"If it rains, the match will be cancelled." From this conditional, we do not learn that it rains; we do not learn that the match will be cancelled either. So what do we learn? I provide an answer in Learning Conditional Information by Jeffrey Imaging on Stalnaker Conditionals. The above conditional can be used to convey causal information: the event of rain causes the match to be cancelled. In a follow-up paper, I tackle the difference between the learning of merely conditional information and the learning of causal information.